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Firstly, when French soldiers laid down their arms because of the Peace of Paris (1783) treaty, the Christians refused to fight for Tipu. 330,000 to General Matthews, which led Tipu to believe that the Mangalorean Catholics were helping the British.

In May 1783, General Matthews was accused of procrastination and suspended by the Bombay Government.

A final influx of immigrants arrived during the Portugal–Maratha wars in Goa during the late 17th and early 18th centuries. D'Souza mentions that Hyder had also used Canara Christians for administrative purposes.

By 1686, Seringapatam, capital of the Kingdom of Mysore, was home to a community of more than 400 Catholics who were severely harassed in the following two decades when their churches were destroyed and the priest's house confiscated. In accordance with the two treaties concluded with Portugal, Hyder allowed Portuguese priests to settle disputes among the Christians.

During the 13th century Italian traveller Marco Polo recorded that there were considerable trading activities between the Red Sea and the Canara coast.

Scholars have surmised that foreign Christian merchants were visiting the coastal towns of South Canara during that period for commerce, and that some Christian priests possibly accompanied them in their evangelical work.

Thereafter Colonel John Campbell received provisional command of the strategic fort of Mangalore on .

Looking at the wounded embattled garrison, Colonel Campbell considered it futile to hold out any longer.

On 11 March 1784, Tipu and the British East India Company signed the Treaty of Mangalore, thus bringing an end to the Second Anglo-Mysore War.

In 1500, the Portuguese explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral arrived at Anjediva in North Canara with eight Franciscan missionaries under the leadership of Frei Henrique Soares de Coimbra.

On arrival they converted 22 or 23 natives to Christianity in the Mangalore region.

Historian Ahmad Saeed states that the Christians acted as spies and guided the British In a letter to his superiors, Colonel Campbell strongly commended the role of the Bombay Natives regiment.

This was led by a native major named Francis Pinto who put up a brave defence of the fort.

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